Tuberculosis (TB)


Public Health Nurse, 509-962-7515

The KCPHD clinic provides tuberculin skin testing, diagnosis of tuberculosis infection and active disease, and referral to a primary care provider for further treatment if necessary. Some types of jobs require TB testing. The cost of a tuberculin skin test varies depending on a variety of factors. Health insurance plans may cover the cost, and many people qualify for a reduced fee based on income. Call to discuss cost or make an appointment: (509) 962-7515.

TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.

How TB Spreads

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria get into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected, but not everyone who is infected will become sick.

TB is NOT spread by:

  • shaking someone's hand
  • sharing food or drink
  • touching bed linens or toilet seats
  • sharing toothbrushes
  • kissing


TB is one of the world's deadliest diseases:

  • One fourth of the world's population is infected with TB.
  • TB is a leading killer of people who are HIV infected.

The number of TB cases reported in the United States continues to decrease every year. However, current TB control activities are not sufficient to eliminate TB disease in our country. We must identify and treat more people who are infected but not sick in order to eliminate TB. .

Resources & Links